森林火灾的扑救原理和根本途径是什么?

2020-11-26

答、破坏森林的燃烧条件,不让可燃物、氧气和火源(森林燃烧三要素)结合在一起,只要消灭燃烧三要素中得任何一个,森林火灾就会熄灭

A. destroy the burning conditions of the forest, and do not allow combustible materials, oxygen and fire sources (three elements of forest combustion) to be combined. As long as any one of the three elements of combustion is eliminated, the forest fire will be extinguished

扑灭森林火灾的根本途径是;

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The basic way to put out forest fire is to put out forest fire;

(1)隔离可燃物,是着火的可燃物与未着火的可燃物隔离(如开挖防火阻隔带),达到控制、扑灭林火的目的;

(1) Isolation of combustibles refers to the isolation of on fire combustibles and unburned combustibles (such as excavation of fire barrier belt) to control and extinguish forest fires;

(2)隔离氧气,减少森林燃烧物所需要的氧气,使其窒息熄灭(如以土覆盖灭火法)

(2) Isolation of oxygen to reduce the oxygen required for forest combustion to suffocate and extinguish (e.g., covering fire with soil)

(3)冷却降温,使燃烧可燃物的温度降到燃点一下,林火停止燃烧(如以水灭火法)。

(3) Cool down to lower the temperature of combustible materials to the point of ignition, and the forest fire will stop burning (e.g. fire extinguishing by water).